Mcgregor developed two theories of human behaviour at work: theory and x and theory y he did not imply that workers would be one type or the other rather, he saw the two theories as two extremes - with a whole spectrum of possible behaviours in between the management implications for theory x. Mcgregor’s theory x and theory y: compare and contrast order description using the text and at least three other legitimate resources, write a 3–5 page paper that compares and contrasts mcgregor’s theory x and theory y. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor’s theory x and theory y for this assignment i will be discussing maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor’s theory x and theory y.
The concept of theory x and theory y was developed by social psychologist douglas mcgregor it describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: theory x – people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility. Theory x and theory y are management and motivation theories that describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation in organizational behavior, human resource management, organizational development and organizational communication. Theory-x (authoritarian management style) human beings have an inherent dislike for work and will try to avoid it • people must be coerced controlled threatened to get the work done the average human being prefers to be directed wishes to avoid responsibility. Mcgregor, maslow and others who assisted to improve the view of human relation tried to prove that there is another side to the traditional perspective of workers (bartol and martin 1998, p 52)this literature review will be focusing on the evolution of mcgregor’s theory x and theory y in relation to the development of management theory.
Theory x and y theory x and theory y were ideas created by management professor, douglas mcgregor these theories were originally introduced in 1960 in his book “the human side of enterprise” and describe two very different management styles. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y have both their advantages and disadvantages, though many would prefer to call them their strengths and weaknesses. The x theory and y theory essay sample douglas mcgregor, a social psychologist, introduced us to his famous x-y theory in his 1960 book the human side of enterprise theory x and theory y are most commonly referred to in the field of management and employee motivation. Essay about mcgregor’s theory x and y - managing resources efficiently and effectively is the most fundamental goal for organisation which aims to maximise individual and social prosperity. Sample essay the x and y theory was proposed by douglas mcgregor and there are two theories attached to it the theory x states that employees of an organization don’t like.
Theory x is negative, traditional and autocratic style while theory y is positive, participatory and democratic thus, these labels describe contrasting set of assumptions about human nature douglas mcgregor has classified the basic assumption regarding human nature into two parts and has designated them as ‘theory x’, and’ theory y. Mcgregor’s theory y argues people are not parts of machines, but individuals with purpose and objectives (dearlove, 2000) it is that human behavior is seldom a direct response to objective reality, but is rather a response to the individual’s perception of that reality. Douglas mcgregor expressed his views of human nature in two sets of assumptions they are popularly known as ‘theory x’ and ‘theory y’ theory x stands for the set of traditional beliefs held, while theory-y stands for the set of beliefs based on researchers in behavioral science which are concerned with modern social views on the man at work.
Unlike in theory x, douglas mcgregor starts from the assumption in theory y that people have different needs theory y assumes that people are inherently happy to work , they want to exert themselves and they are motivated to pursue objectives. Theory y workers were able to seek and accept responsibilities and fulfil any goals given the human side of enterprise, written my mcgregor in 1960, was voted the fourth most influential management book of the 20th century by the fellows of the academy of management. Theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, mcgregor's x-y theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques.
The purpose of this paper is to trace mcgregor’s x-y theory and its relationship with fulfillment of psychological contract this is a review article relying on literature reviews and synthesizing. Theory y mcgregor’s theory y is the root cause of employee empowerment this concept emphasizes that staff are self-discipline and would like to do the job themselves the team members are active and supportive in our work climate and find the work itself ewarding. Douglas mcgregor created two management theories, theory x and theory y theory x assumes that employees are lazy, unmotivated, and will do anything to avoid working.
Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s mcgregor's work was rooted in motivation theory alongside the works of abraham maslow, who created the hierarchy of needsthe two theories proposed by mcgregor. Is limited, particularly regarding mcgregor's seminal work with theory x and theory y in this study, we will explore the relationship between theory x, theory y, and organizational performance. Essay on influence of mcgregor's theory x and y on time management - influence of mcgregor's theory x and y on time management role theories suggest people take on various roles within their organizations which shape the individuals behaviors to meet the organizations goals and expectations (colorado state university-global campus, 2013.